Bronwyn H. Hall is Professor of Economics Emerita at the University of California at Berkeley and Visiting Professor at the Max Planck Institute‐Munich. She is a Research Associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research and the Institute for Fiscal Studies, London, and a Visiting Fellow at the National Institute of Economics and Social Research, London. Professor Hall has published articles on the economics and econometrics of technical change and innovation in journals such as Econometrica, the American Economic Review, the Rand Journal of Economics, and Research Policy. Her current research includes, among several topics, the use of patent citation data for the valuation of intangible (knowledge) assets. She received a B.A. in physics from Wellesley College in 1966 and a Ph.D. in economics from Stanford University in 1988.

Peter Howitt is emeritus professor of economics and the Lyn Crost Professor Emeritus of Social Sciences at Brown University. Most of his research has been in the area of macroeconomics and monetary economics. He is one of the founders of the modern innovation-based theory of economic growth and has been active in the search for new foundations to macroeconomics and monetary theory. He has also written extensively on the subject of Canadian monetary policy. He is a research associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research, a fellow of the Royal Society of Canada and a fellow of the Econometric Society.

Sarah Kaplan is associate professor of strategic management at the Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto. She was previously a faculty member of the Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania, where she remains a senior fellow. Dr Kaplan is co-author of the business bestseller, Creative Destruction, which challenges the notion of sustainable competitive advantage and the myth of excellence. Her current research extends these insights by focusing on how organisations participate in and respond to the emergence of new technologies and fields. Prior to her academic career, she was a management consultant for nearly a decade with McKinsey & Company. She received a BA in political science from UCLA, an MA in international relations from the Johns Hopkins Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS), and a PhD from MIT’s Sloan School of Management.

Mariagrazia Squicciarini is Senior Economist – Head of Unit within the Directorate for Science Technology and Innovation (STI), OECD. She is responsible for the OECD Working Party on Industry Analysis (WPIA), which develops indicators and quantitative analysis related to the changing determinants of growth and productivity, including knowledge-based capital (aka intangibles); Intellectual Property Rights (IPR); global value chains; and jobs and skills in the digital transformation. She is responsible for the IPR-related data and analysis work carried out in the Directorate, and oversees the STI Microdata Lab initiative, a project linking micro-level data as firm-specific information, IPR- and scientific publication data, for indicator and econometric analysis work.

Joseph E. Stiglitz is full professor at Columbia University. He is also the co-chair of the High-Level Expert Group on the Measurement of Economic Performance and Social Progress at the OECD, and the Chief Economist of the Roosevelt Institute. A recipient of the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (2001) and the John Bates Clark Medal (1979), he is a former senior vice president and chief economist of the World Bank and a former member and chairman of the (US president’s) Council of Economic Advisers. In 2000, Stiglitz founded the Initiative for Policy Dialogue, a think tank on international development based at Columbia University. He has been a member of the Columbia faculty since 2001 and received that university’s highest academic rank (university professor) in 2003. In 2011 Stiglitz was named by Time magazine as one of the 100 most influential people in the world. Known for his pioneering work on asymmetric information, Stiglitz’s work focuses on income distribution, risk, corporate governance, public policy, macroeconomics and globalization. He is the author of numerous books, and several bestsellers. His most recent titles are Globalization and Its Discontents Revisited, The Euro, Rewriting the Rules of the American Economy and The Great Divide.

Sidney G. Winter is Deloitte and Touche Professor of Management, Emeritus, at the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania. Prof. Winter is the co-author, with Richard Nelson, of the path-breaking book An Evolutionary Theory of Economic Change. Outside of the domains of firm behaviour and evolutionary theory, he has published on a variety of topics, ranging from general equilibrium theory to weather forecasting and beyond. In 2008 he became the fourth recipient of the Viipuri Prize in Strategic Management, awarded in Lappeenranta, Finland, and was named the distinguished lecturer of the Technology and Innovation Management division of the Academy of Management. Winter was chief economist of the US General Accounting Office between 1989 and 1993 and has been vice president of the International J.A. Schumpeter Society since 2005.