Maíra Aguiar, Giovanni Dosi, Damian A. Knopoff and Maria Enrica Virgillito

Author Archive | Maíra Aguiar, Giovanni Dosi, Damian A. Knopoff and Maria Enrica Virgillito

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A multiscale network-based model of contagion dynamics: heterogeneity, spatial distancing and vaccination

Lockdown and vaccination policies have been the major concern in the last year in order to contain the SARS-CoV-2 infection during the COVID-19 pandemic. In this paper we present a model able to evaluate alternative lockdown policies and vaccination strategies. Our approach integrates and refines the multiscale model proposed by Bellomo et al., 2020, analyzing […]

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working_paper_2021_53

From organizational capabilities to corporate performances: at the roots of productivity slowdown

This paper is one of the first attempts at empirically identifying organizational capabilities – in this work concerning Italian firms. Together, it proposes new evidence on the link between capabilities and economic performances. In order to do so, we employ the Indagine Multiscopo del Censimento Permanente delle Imprese (IMCPI), a survey carried out by the […]

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working_paper_2021_52

Technological paradigms, labour creation and destruction in a multi-sector agent-based model

This paper presents an agent-based model (ABM) of endogenous arrival of technological paradigms and new sectors entailing different patterns of labour creation and destruction, as well as of consumption dynamics. The model, building on the labour-augmented K+S ABM, addresses the long-term patterns of labour demand emerging from heterogeneous forms of technical change. It provides a […]

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Back to the past: the historical roots of labour-saving automation

This paper, relying on a still relatively unexplored long-term dataset on U.S. patent- ing activity, provides empirical evidence on the history of labour-saving innovations back to early 19th century. The identification of mechanisation/automation heuristics, retrieved via textual content analysis on current robotic technologies by Montobbio et al. (2020), allows to focus on a limited set […]

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Gains from trade or from catching-up? Value creation and distribution in the era of China’s WTO accession

In this article we focus on the role of exports in Chinese economic development in the era of WTO accession. We address a series of different, although connected, questions. First, do Chinese exporting and non-exporting firms differ in terms of their productivity performance and paid wages? Second, to what extent exporting and non-exporting firms have […]

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A multi-scale model of virus pandemic: Heterogeneous interactive entities in a globally connected world

This paper is devoted to the multidisciplinary modelling of a pandemic initiated by an aggressive virus, specifically the so-called SARS–CoV–2 Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome, corona virus n.2. The study is developed within a multiscale framework accounting for the interaction of different spatial scales, from the small scale of the virus itself and cells, to the […]

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Unequal societies in usual times, unjust societies in pandemic ones

The explosion of the pandemic has been optimistically considered as the “last straw that breaks the camel’s back”. At the time of writing, after three months since its outburst, we can hardly find any sign of a “broken camel”: indeed, it could have been the opportunity to collectively question the current regime of production and […]

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Varieties of deindustrialization and patterns of diversification: why microchips are not potato chips

Contrarilytothenotionofanaturaltendencyofdeindustrialization,thispaper,documentingtheex- istence of a variety of patterns of deindustrialization, performs a cross-country, long-term analysis. Looking at industrial sectors and their technological characteristics, categorised on the ground of the Pavitt (1984) taxonomy, we do find a markedly uneven process of deindustrialization with Science Based and Specialised Suppliers not presenting any inverted U-shaped pattern, neither in employment […]

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