Fabio Montobbio, Jacopo Staccioli, Maria Enrica Virgillito and Marco Vivarelli

Author Archive | Fabio Montobbio, Jacopo Staccioli, Maria Enrica Virgillito and Marco Vivarelli

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Labour-saving automation and occupational exposure: a text-similarity measure

This paper represents one of the first attempts at building a direct measure of occupational exposure to robotic labour-saving technologies. After identifying robotic and LS robotic patents retrieved by Montobbio et al. (2022), the underlying 4-digit CPC definitions are employed in order to detect functions and operations performed by technological artefacts which are more directed […]

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working_paper_2021_68

Vanishing social classes? Facts and figures of the Italian labour market

This paper analyses medium-term labour market trends from 1983 to 2018 in Italy relying on the “Rilevazione dei contratti di lavoro” from INPS archive which provides information on average salaries by professional category, age, gender, and geographical origin. Within an overall pattern of exacerbated inequalities, documented by means of different indicators, the empirical analysis highlights […]

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working_paper_2021_66

Big pharma and monopoly capitalism: A long-term view

Are IPRs institutions meant to foster innovative activities or conversely to secure appropriation and profitability? Taking stock of a long-term empirical evidence on the pharmaceutical sector in the US, we can hardly support IPRs intended as an innovation rewarding institution. According to our analysis, pharma patents have constituted legal barriers to protect intellectual monopolies rather […]

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working_paper_2021_60

A multiscale network-based model of contagion dynamics: heterogeneity, spatial distancing and vaccination

Lockdown and vaccination policies have been the major concern in the last year in order to contain the SARS-CoV-2 infection during the COVID-19 pandemic. In this paper we present a model able to evaluate alternative lockdown policies and vaccination strategies. Our approach integrates and refines the multiscale model proposed by Bellomo et al., 2020, analyzing […]

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working_paper_2021_53

From organizational capabilities to corporate performances: at the roots of productivity slowdown

This paper is one of the first attempts at empirically identifying organizational capabilities – in this work concerning Italian firms. Together, it proposes new evidence on the link between capabilities and economic performances. In order to do so, we employ the Indagine Multiscopo del Censimento Permanente delle Imprese (IMCPI), a survey carried out by the […]

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working_paper_2021_52

Technological paradigms, labour creation and destruction in a multi-sector agent-based model

This paper presents an agent-based model (ABM) of endogenous arrival of technological paradigms and new sectors entailing different patterns of labour creation and destruction, as well as of consumption dynamics. The model, building on the labour-augmented K+S ABM, addresses the long-term patterns of labour demand emerging from heterogeneous forms of technical change. It provides a […]

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working_paper_2020_33

Back to the past: the historical roots of labour-saving automation

This paper, relying on a still relatively unexplored long-term dataset on U.S. patent- ing activity, provides empirical evidence on the history of labour-saving innovations back to early 19th century. The identification of mechanisation/automation heuristics, retrieved via textual content analysis on current robotic technologies by Montobbio et al. (2020), allows to focus on a limited set […]

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Gains from trade or from catching-up? Value creation and distribution in the era of China’s WTO accession

In this article we focus on the role of exports in Chinese economic development in the era of WTO accession. We address a series of different, although connected, questions. First, do Chinese exporting and non-exporting firms differ in terms of their productivity performance and paid wages? Second, to what extent exporting and non-exporting firms have […]

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